Scabies is common and anyone can get it. It should be treated quickly to stop it spreading.

Check if it's scabies

The symptoms of scabies are:

  • intense itching, especially at night
  • a raised rash or spots

The spots may look red. They are more difficult to see on dark skin, but you should be able to feel them.

The scabies rash usually spreads across the whole body, apart from the head.

However, older people, young children and those with a weakened immune system may develop a rash on their head and neck.

When it's not scabies

Many other things can cause itchy skin and rashes in babies and children.

See a slideshow of other rashes and skin conditions.

A pharmacist can help with scabies

Scabies is not usually a serious condition, but it does need to be treated. 

Scabies is one of the conditions covered by the Common Ailments Scheme which is an NHS service that patients can access for free advice and free treatment and is available from 99% of pharmacies in Wales. 
Find your nearest pharmacy here
Find more information on the service here

A pharmacist will recommend a cream or lotion that you apply over your whole body. It's important to read the instructions carefully. 

Let the pharmacist know if you are breastfeeding or pregnant. 

You'll need to repeat the treatment 1 week later. 

Scabies is very infectious but it can take up to 8 weeks for the rash to appear. 

Everyone in your home needs to be treated at the same time, even if they do not have symptoms. 

Anyone you've had sexual contact with in the past 8 weeks should also be treated.  


Things you can do during treatment to stop scabies spreading


  • wash all bedding and clothing in the house at 50C or higher on the first day of treatment
  • put clothing that cannot be washed in a sealed bag for 3 days until mites die
  • stop babies and children sucking treatment from their hands by putting socks or mittens on them


  • do not have sex or close physical contact until you've completed the full course of treatment
  • do not share bedding, clothing or towels with someone with scabies

How long it takes to get rid of scabies

You or your child can go back to work or school 24 hours after the first treatment.

Although the treatment kills the scabies mites quickly the itching can carry on for a few weeks.

See a GP if your skin is still itching 4 weeks after treatment has finished.

Scabies can spread easily

Scabies are passed from person to person by skin-to-skin contact. You cannot get scabies from pets.

People who live or work closely together in nurseries, university halls of residence, or nursing homes are more at risk.

Anyone can get scabies - it has nothing to do with poor hygiene.

Complications of scabies

Scratching the rash can cause skin infections like impetigo.

Scabies can make conditions like eczema or psoriasis worse.

The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS UK NHS website
Last Updated: 20/03/2023 16:07:03