Pregnancy information

Your baby at 9 weeks

The face is slowly forming. The eyes are bigger and more obvious, and have some colour (pigment) in them. There is a mouth and tongue, with tiny taste buds.

The hands and feet are developing – ridges identify where the fingers and toes will be, although they haven't separated out yet. The major internal organs (such as the heart, brain, lungs, kidneys and gut) continue developing.

At nine weeks of pregnancy, the baby has grown to about 22mm long from head to bottom.

You at 9 weeks

During this time your breasts will have got bigger, so consider wearing a supportive bra.

You may also find that your emotions vary – you feel happy one moment and sad the next.

Do not worry – these feelings are normal and should settle down.

It's normal to have more vaginal discharge when you're pregnant.

But tell your midwife or GP if the discharge smells unpleasant or strange, you feel itchy or sore, or you have pain when you pee.

These could be signs of a vaginal infection and need to be checked.

Your baby at 10 weeks

The ears are starting to develop on the sides of your baby's head, and inside the head its ear canals are forming.

If you could look at your baby's face you would be able to see its upper lip and two tiny nostrils in the nose. The jawbones are developing and already contain all the future milk teeth.

The heart is now fully-formed. It beats 180 times a minute – that's two to three times faster than your own heart.

The baby is making small, jerky movements which can be seen on an ultrasound scan.

You at 10 weeks

You'll be offered screening to find the baby's chance of having Down's syndrome, Edwards' syndrome and Patau's syndrome as part of your maternity care.

Pregnant women and their babies are at higher risk from flu (influenza) and whooping cough (pertussis). You're advised to have a flu vaccination in pregnancy and whooping cough vaccination in pregnancy to protect you and your baby.

Domestic violence during pregnancy puts women and their unborn child in danger of miscarriage, infections and other complications.

Abuse often starts in pregnancy and may be physical, emotional or financial in nature.

All pregnant women in the UK are routinely asked if they have experienced domestic violence by their midwife or doctor so they can receive advice and support.

Your baby at 11 weeks

The baby grows quickly and the placenta is rapidly developing – it'll be fully formed at about 12 weeks.

The bones of the face are formed now. The eyelids are closed and won't open for a few months yet.

The ear buds developing on the sides of your baby's head look more like ears as they grow.

Your baby's head makes up one-third of its length, but the body is growing fast – it's straightening, and the fingers and toes are separating. There are fingernails.

You at 11 weeks

Headaches in early pregnancy can be caused by changes in your body.

Limiting the amount of caffeine you have in pregnancy can reduce the chances of miscarriage and your baby weighing less than normal when they're born (low birthweight).

The charity Tommy's has more advice on caffeine intake during pregnancy.

Your baby at 12 weeks

Just 12 weeks after your last period, the?foetus is fully formed. All?the organs, muscles, limbs and bones are in place, and the sex organs are well developed.

From now on,?the baby has to grow and mature.

It's too early for you to be able to feel the baby's movements yet, although they'll be?moving quite a bit.

You at 12 weeks

You might notice you're a bit constipated. Not everyone gets constipation in pregnancy, but it's fairly common and can make you feel uncomfortable.

Find out about common health problems in pregnancy.

You may feel stomach pain or cramps from time to time. These are usually nothing to worry about, and can be caused by constipation, wind or your ligaments growing as your womb gets bigger.

But if you have stomach pain that does not go away, is severe or you also have bleeding or other symptoms, you need to see your midwife or doctor.

You can find more information on pregnancy in the 'Your Pregnancy and Birth book'.

Last Updated: 21/07/2023 10:59:38
The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS UK NHS website